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Coccidiosis is a Protozoa. (a one cell organism) They live among the cells in the intestinal lining. When  eggs (oocytes) are ingested  each oocyte will release about a dozen sporozoites that penetrate intestinal lining. Here they increase in size becoming SCHIZONTS. They again divide and become MEROZOITES. This process continues until they become MACROGAMETOCYTES and MICROGAMETOCYTES.  The MICROGAMETOCYTES fertilize MACROGAMETOCYTES that form zygotes that in turn become cysts and form oocytes.
Keep in mind all this time your pigeons intestinal lining is being torn apart allowing all kinds of bacteria to enter the blood stream.
Products to treat coccidisos are Sulmet (sulfamethazine)  Baycox, and Amprolium.

Canker (Trichomoniasis) is a Protozoa. (a one cell organism)
There are many strains of canker some are deadly (John Jones strain killed about 93% of the birds infected) other strains kill none.
Studies have found that Trichomoniasis is one of the biggest killers that pigeons can contract. Because of the many strains and some can have an affinity for different parts of the body they can go unnoticed. While many have the belief that canker is only the yellow cheesy growth that can be seen in the mouth or on the navel.
It has been found in the crop, intestine, liver and in some cases muscles.

For the most part these are harmless organisms that just about all pigeon have mostly living in the crop. It seems that outbreaks of the disease occur when the pigeons are under stress (breeding or racing) or when a new strain is introduced into a loft. 

Drugs for treatment Aminonitrothiazole, Ronidazole 
From time to time your pigeons will get sick. Here are a two parasites that pigeons may contract and the medication to cure them.
Keeping your birds healthy is just as important as buying a good pigeon.
pigeon medicine
Just click on any medication to get all the details to cure your birds