The Breed and Standard for the American Domestic Show Flight
This information is not relevant to the flying breed
The Domestic Show Flight standard is based on the Plain Head solid colored "ideal" of this breed. The "ideal" being the perfect bird. The scoring of this breed has been grouped into three (3) sections.
(1) OUTLINE - 25 pts.
(2) FEATHER - 25 pts.
(3) FEATURES - 50 pts.
Total points 100
Additional points in their own class: Cap (crest) - 10 pts. Mottle marked - 25 pts.
GENERAL TABLE OF POINTS
GROUP (1) OUTLINE
(A) HEIGHT 5 pts.
(B) LENGTH 5 pts.
(C) BREAST 5 pts.
(D) NECK 5 pts.
(E) LEGS 5 pts.
OUTLINE 25 pts.
GROUP (2) FEATHER
(A) GENERAL COLOR 20 pts.
(B) PRIMARY FLIGHT TIPS
(20) 1A point each 5 pts.
FEATHER 25 pts.
GROUP (3) FEATURES
(A) CROWN 20 pts.
(B) BEAK 15 pts.
(C) EYE 10 pts.
(D) EYE CERE 5 pts.
FEATURES 50 pts.
Total points for solid plain-head 100 pts.
Total points for solid cap (crest) 110 pts.
Total points for mottle plain-head 125 pts.
Total points for mottle cap (crest) 135 pts.
The following description is used as a base to judge for the "ideal", perfect pigeon. The term "must" is used when referring to the ideal bird. Specific variations of the ideal are noted.
Section (1) OUTLINE: The outline of the bird covers the outer surface and does not include the head properties nor the feathers of the bird, and is scored according to the following:
(A) HEIGHT (5 pts.): The height of the bird standing erect must be eight inches from the base of the foot to the top of the head.
(B) LENGTH (5 pts.): The length of the bird must be eight and one half inches measured horizontally from the furthest point of the breast to the tip of the tail.
(C) BREAST (5 pts.): The breast must be semi-circular and measure four and one half inches from the outer wings. It must be high and prominent.
(D) NECK (5 pts.): The neck must be two and one quarter inches in diameter at the middle. From the lower mandible the line of the throat must incline in a graceful arc; the furthest point of inclination to end in an imaginary vertical line with a point at the equal distance between the pupil of the eye, and the break of the frontal of the nostrils. The base feathers of the neck, at the front covering the breast and at the sides covering the wing arms, must be uniform. The base feathers at the back of the neck must be as low down on the back as possible. The upper back portion of the neck must be bully.
(E) LEGS (5 pts.): The legs must be straight, stout, two and one quarter inches apart, and in a vertical line with the eye. The tarsus or leg stems must be one inch from the ball of the foot to the bend at the knee or hock, covered three quarters of the way down on the tarsus with feathers. The nails must be bone colored, the toes straight and stout, and the color of the tarsus and feet the same color as the eye cere and nostrils.
IN GENERAL: The keel must end off as low as possible behind the legs, the tail tips one half inch off the floor, the wings close to the body, the primary flight tips must set on the tail and end one half inch from the end of the tail. The general appearance must be ruddy, cobby, uppity, and vigorous.
JUDGES NOTE: After the total of the points for the above has been scored, the judge may make further deductions from this total for the general appearance of the bird as he sees fit, so far as outline is concerned.
Section (2) FEATHER: This pertains to the feather of the bird exclusively. It has no bearing on outline or the features, later to be explained.
(A) COLOR (20 pts.): The color of the feathers of all parts of the bird (subject to the class they represent) excluding the primary flight tips and the primary coverts (which are to be white) must be of a clear and deep uniform color over all the body except on the neck and breast where there may be found an iridescent hue of the color present. The iridescence denotes good health and must be allowed. However, at the frontal end top of the head, at the three beards, both sides of the face, the breast, sides of the wings, the keel, the belly, the vent, the coverts under the tail, the rump, the sides of the rump, the back, the thighs, the legs, and numbers 7 to 10 of the upper medium coverts must have no off-shading of the original color. The tail must have twelve tips (12 upper and 12 lower coverts).
(B) PRIMARY FLIGHT TIPS (5 pts.): The 20 primary flight tips, (10 on each wing) must be white. One quarter point is allowed for each white tip.
IN GENERAL: The color must be clear, uniform, deep, and brilliant. the general feathering must be tight and clean.
JUDGES NOTE: Allowance to color: Any bird showing a tinge of a third color of his base color shall be a penalty of ten points and additional points as the judge sees fit. This also includes the bar variety. Also, after the total of the points the judge may make further deductions from this total as he sees fit. If any partly-colored primary tips occur from numbers 1 to 4 in succession after the solid colored tips on each wing one quarter point will be deducted for each partly-colored tip. If the socks, vent, belly, keel, legs, or epaulets ( numbers 7 to 10) of the upper medium coverts show any white in solid colored classes deductions not to exceed two points for either may be made except when any discoloration of any feather of the tail or secondary flight tip is more than half the length of the quill of the feather. The judge will deduct from 10 to 20 points allotted for color as he sees fit. When any discoloration of any feather of the tail or secondary flight tip is less than half the length of the quill of that feather the judge will deduct from 1 to 9 points allotted for color, as he sees fit. (Partly-color means basic color of the bird plus white).
Section (3) FEATURES (50 pts.): This pertains to the head properties only and has no bearing with outline and feather.
(A) CROWN (20 pts.): The crown is referred to as the top line of the head starting at the feather of the nostrils (known as the break) continuing in a high prominent arc, widening and declining gracefully into the upper back of the neck. Frontal or forehead; the top and side view of the frontal must show the frontal over-lapping the feather line of the nostrils. The front view must show the frontal as broad and deep as that of a Long-faced Tumbler. In general, it must be round and prominent. The front face of the bird must be pinched at the sides, refined and inset, and have a smile-like appearance at the mouth.
(B) BEAK (15 pts.): The beak must be set in deep at the nostrils, blood red in color from the mouth to midway on the upper and lower mandibles to the points of both mandibles and the beak must be a clear ivory color. The line of the beak separating the two mandibles must be straight, tangent to the base of the eye, and parallel to the floor. The beak must be one inch long from the mouth to the point of the beak, three-sixteenths of an inch thick and three-sixteenths of an inch wide at the nostrils, tapering gracefully to a point toward the end of the beak. The upper mandible may be allowed a small, hardly noticeable roll at the tip in order to over-lap the lower mandible at the point of the beak. The nostrils must be as refined as possible.
(C) EYE (10 pts.): The eye must be circular, set in the center of the general head and divided into two portions. Noticeable, the large white portion known as the Iris, and the black center, known as the pupil. The eye must be pearly white, and free from other colored matter. It must be one quarter inch in diameter. The pupil or focus must be in the center of the eye, round and small as possible, noted black in color, having no breaks at the outer line, nor any blemishes on the black portion whatever. The eye must appear shiny and alert.
(D) EYE CERE (5 pts.): The eye cere is the muscular and blood colored portion of the flesh surrounding the eye. Free from feather, this cere is the eyelid of the bird. When open, only this muscular portion of the lid is noticeable and must be the same blood red color as the feet, nostrils, and mouth of the beak.
IN GENERAL: The features must be pleasant, prominent, bright in color, alert, and aristocratic in appearance.
JUDGES NOTE: After the total points for the above has been scored, the judge may make further deductions from this total as he sees fit, so far as features are concerned.
(A) CAP (CREST) CLASSES: 10 points additional. SIDE VIEW: From the ear starting as a rosette or spade, the reversed feathers or tufts must be full and rise in a diagonal arc, to a point in a level line with the top of the head. TOP VIEW: Starting one quarter inch away from the head at the ears, the line of the tufts must gracefully increase in distance from the head, until it reaches a point one and one half inches from the center top of the head. The declining feathers at the back of the head must not interfere with the long rising tufts at the cap (crest). A clear opposition must be noted at this point.
(B) MOTTLE MARKED CLASSES: 25 points additional. The markings are to be as follows: The thirteen secondary flights, twelve major coverts, one to six of the upper medium coverts, seven to ten of the upper medium coverts known as the epaulets, the tail, vent, rump, belly, thighs, and legs must be of a solid-color of the color present. The lesser coverts of the wings, back, neck, head, breast, flap, and forward portion of the keel, spot for spot.
JUDGES NOTE: The judge may make further deductions after the total of points for either cap (crest) or mottle marked has been scored. Any bird having at least one white feather on any part of the body other than socks, keel, vent, belly, epaulets, primary flight tips, or primary coverts must be judged in the Mottle or the Stock Class (exhibitor's choice).
MIS-MARKED, STOCK, AND A.O.C. CLASSES: The mis-marked, stock, or A.O.C. class consists of pied's. beards, blaze faced, blue teager, tortoise-shells, blue checkers, three distinct colored birds, sugar tails, silver teager's, strawberry, short-tipped and over-tipped solid birds, badly colored finished tip birds and any other color not listed below under official show colors.
OFFICIAL SHOW COLORS: Barred colors: Blue - A grayish, blue body, with two black bars on the wings, and one black bar on the tail. Silver - A creamy tan body, with two dun bars on the wings and dun bar on the tail.
Solid colors: Black - Must be iridescent and as brilliant as black satin.
Dun - Clear and unblemished, and like that of a shell of chestnut.
Brown - A warm pure cocoa brown, clear and unblemished. (Note that brown is judged with black and dun).
Red - Blood red, clear, and unblemished.
Yellow - Yellow-gold to orange, clear, and unblemished. (Note: In the case of extremely light marked or heavy marked teager's, extremely poor colored finished tip solid birds, and sugar tail birds having discoloration more than half the length of the quill, the exhibitor will be afforded the choice of entering these birds in the show class they represent or in the stock, mis-mark, or A.O.C. class).
DISQUALIFICATIONS: More or less than ten primary flight tips, less than ten secondary flight tips, and less than twelve or more than fourteen tail tips; any primary flight tips from numbers five to ten show any other pigment than white; any white partly-colored primary flight tip between two solid colored primary flight tips on a solid colored bird; disease or deformity of any kind; bull eye or any definite break in the line of the pupil (egg shape or tear drop); fraud; any missing portion of a natural feather; pale beak or cere (woody beak or unnatural beak); in mottle and marked classes the same disqualifications apply as in solid color except that from numbers one to four of the primary and all of the secondary flight tips will be allowed mixed colored feathers in their own classes (white frock feathers allowed in teager's); less than three-quarters inch beak measured from the inside of beak, (inner lip) to tip of beak; in solid color classes any white other than the socks, vent, belly, keel, legs, or wing coverts to epaulets; in case of a molt of a feather, the feather must be through the quill in order to distinguish color; missing frock feathers; young birds with mutilated bands must be shown as old birds; any bird showing less cap (crest) than width of head shall be disqualified; any bird showing feather rot or so-called silkiness, on any part of the body other than the secondary tips, from numbers nine to fourteen shall be disqualified.
ALLOWANCES ON BEAK: Any bird having a touch line of discoloration on upper and lower mandible and still shows a good bloody red color in the clear portion of the beak shall be allowed; any bird that has a little tarnish in the nostril but has a clear red upper and lower mandible shall be allowed; the judge shall deduct points on these birds as he sees fit. He can also deduct points on his final decision for general appearance. However, all points cannot be deducted from these birds.
DISQUALIFICATIONS ON BEAK: Any bird that has complete discoloration on upper and lower mandible that goes from tip of beak to nostril; any bird discolored completely on lower mandible, from the tip of nostril and scratched mandible; any bird discolored completely from tip of beak to nostril on lower mandible; deformed, woody, pale, and any beak under three-quarters of an inch.
The 1937 Breed and Standard for the American Flight
This was the Standard in 1937, things have changed since then. I am still searching for a current Flying Flight standard. For example our modern day birds are much smaller than a homer hen and there are many more colors to breed from. But this is fun to read until someone sends me the current Flying Flight standard.... if there is one.
DESCRIPTION: The size of the American Domestic Flight is about the same as that of our present day Homer hen. The beak should be a clear flesh color, finely molded and thin. The frontal inclines backward in a gentle curve, the highest point of the forehead being just in front and above the eye. The eye cere should be as thin as possible, forming a tread-like circle around the eye, which should be pure white. Legs and feet are small and should be clear of feathers. The legs should be set slightly back of the center of the body.
Solid (1) Red (2) Black (3) Yellow (4) Dun
Barred (1) Blue (2) Silver Dun, Mottle Teager (evenly marked)
Teager (1) Red Teager (2) Black Teager (3) Yellow Teager (4) Dun Teager
All solid color birds to have from 6 to 10 primary tip feathers.
All birds having less than 6 or more than 10 tips to lose all tip points.
All Teagers to have body mottled as evenly as possible, with solid color tail.
Blues to have black bars on tail and wings.
Silver Dun to have dun bars on tail and wings.
Whites to lose all points for marking and color. (compete in their own classes)
Caps and bearded birds to count 5 points additional in their own class.
Beak to be a minimum of 1 inch long.
Birds having beaks less than 1 inch, stripe or stain to lose all beak points.
Head 15pts. Rounded and slender
Beak 10pts. Long thin straight and flesh color.
Eye 15pts. Pearl white
Color 15pts. Deep, uniform, free from blemishes
Eye Cere 5pts. Red and thin
Neck 5pts. Short and graceful
Breast 3pts. Rounded and full
Wings 2pts. Held close to body and above tail
Legs 4pts. Red, short, straight and free from feathers below the hock
Feet 2pts. Red and toes straight
Shape 5pts. Slender
Carriage 5pts. Erect
Condition 4pts. Vigorous
Flights 10pts. Ten white primary tips
DISQUALIFICATIONS: Bull eye, black beak, plucking, deformity or disease of any kind. The markings of the Teager should be even and crescent-shaped.
The term "Teager" appears to be a corruption of the German and English word "Tiger", and is apparently similar to the term "Spangled".
THE STANDARD FOR FLYING & SHOW FLIGHTS